and undervalued”:

Ways Forward for


Loss and Damage

within the UNFCCC

By Douwe van Schie, Guy Jackson, Pierre Candelon, Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson, Fatemeh Bakhtiari, Emily Boyd, Gina E. Castillo, Ayesha Dinshaw, Kees van der Geest, Md. Fahad Hossain, Karen McNamara, Magdalena Mirwald, Moleen Nand, Teo Ormond-Skeaping, Ryan Plano, Barbara Rosen Jacobson, Salote Soqo, Adelle Thomas, Irfan Ullah and Ben Wilson
22 / 11 / 2023
A kangaroo and her joey who survived the forest fires in Mallacoota, Australia. Image credit: Jo-Anne McArthur via Unsplash.

Apart from the establishment of the Expert Group on Non-Economic Losses (NELs), little effort has been made to address Non-Economic Loss and Damage (NELD) comprehensively within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Yet outside of the UNFCCC, researchers and practitioners have made more substantial efforts to conceptualise NELD and provide recommendations on how to address it. This policy brief therefore seeks to bridge this gap between research and policy by providing specific recommendations for negotiators, experts, and policymakers on how NELD can be better integrated within the UNFCCC, in particular the Loss and Damage Fund, Loss and Damage Funding Arrangements, the Santiago Network for Loss and Damage, and the Executive Committee for the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage.

Suggested citation: Van Schie, D., Jackson, G., Candelon, P., Ayeb-Karlsson, S., Bakhtiari, F., Boyd, E., Castillo, G. E., Dinshaw, A., van der Geest, K., Hossain, M. D., McNamara, K., Mirwald, M., Nand, M., Ormond-Skeaping, T., Plano, R., Rosen Jacobsen, B., Soqo, S., Thomas, A., Ullah, I., and Wilson, B. (2023) “Underemphasised and undervalued”: Ways Forward for Non-Economic Loss and Damage within the UNFCCC. Loss and Damage Collaboration.

Read the full paper here: