Collecting water at the UNDP-funded dam in Baligubadle, Somaliland, northwest Somalia. Via Water Alternatives Photos / UNDP Somalia licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0 DEED. Image description: On 3rd December 2019, Fardosa Mohamed, a 50-year-old pastoralist, walks home after collecting water at the UNDP-funded dam in Baligubadle, Somaliland, northwest Somalia. The country experiences major climate-induced shocks every two to five years with flooding, cyclones and, most often, drought resulting in sometimes violent disputes over access to scarce water and land. Pastoralists, who make up approximately 60% of the population, are particularly vulnerable to changes in climate because they rely on rain-fed rangeland for grazing livestock, have very few fixed assets and typically live in extreme poverty.
The objective of this policy brief is to articulate the connection between the Santiago network, the Loss and Damage funding arrangements and the Loss and Damage Fund.
The Santiago network for Loss and Damage (SNLD) was established at COP 25 in 2019 as part of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage. The SNLD has a mandate to catalyse technical assistance of relevant organisations, bodies, networks and experts for the implementation of relevant approaches for averting, minimising and addressing loss and damage at the local, national and regional levels, in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.
At COP 27, Parties successfully established funding arrangements and a dedicated fund to address the issue of loss and damage. This decision also saw a Transitional Committee (TC) established with the purpose of advancing the operationalization of the Fund and Funding Arrangements at COP 28. Throughout 2023, the TC held a total of five meetings and conducted two workshops for the purpose of developing and agreeing upon a set of recommendations on the operationalization of the Loss and Damage Fund and Funding Arrangements to send to COP 28. These recommendations, which were adopted at the fifth TC meeting (TC5), also touch upon the involvement of the Santiago network within the Loss and Damage Funding Arrangements and the Fund.